Medical tourism is one of the new untapped potentials which is increasingly gaining ground in Iran. The health tourism industry continues to grow significantly due to the comprehensive need for treatment today. Fortunately, the Islamic Republic of Iran, with its location in a suitable area where many of its neighbours need to receive quality care, offers tremendous advances in health and treatment. The high capabilities of the health system have created a golden opportunity for the country, in addition to treating the people in need of the region, it can bring significant income to Iran. The costs of medical treatment in Iran is almost ten times cheaper for international medical travelers in comparison with the U.S. and Europe, That’s why Iran is seeing more and more patients from other countries. We have some 1,000 foreign patients in a year and we are planning to have 5,000 foreign patients [yearly] in the next five years. Data from the Health Ministry’s medical tourism department shows that the country hosted more than 300,000 patients in the 2017-2018 financial year. The official data shows that foreign patients are drawn by affordable treatments and high quality of services. Most of them come from neighboring Iraq, Kuwait, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Pakistan and some come from as far away as Eastern Europe. Dental procedures, organ transplants, heart surgery and cancer treatments are among the most requested services.